Although World War One was a conflict on a truly global scale, many countries remained neutral until the end of the war. Neutral, however, could in fact mean very different things: some neutrals maintained close relations with the Central Powers – among them, for example, Liechtenstein –, whereas others tended to stay nearer to the Entente Powers, e. g. Norway or Venezuela. A number of neutrals such as Albania, Persia and Luxembourg were directly affected by acts of war, while others largely remained untouched, including Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
According to these very different experiences, the film production of neutral countries did not follow a common pattern. There were films explicitly addressing war-related events, whereas many others display the continuation of everyday routines, thus emphasizing a possibility of normality in exceptional times.